By Eric H. Vieler
A trip on My Own tells the tale of Eric Vieler, born in the US yet raised in Hitler's Germany, the place he observed the persecution of Jewish pals and skilled the bombing of towns. After being expelled from a Nazi-run academy, he crossed conflict strains to arrive his domestic. On Easter 1945, he encountered American troops, grew to become their interpreter, and witnessed fierce combating. He joined British profession forces, doing quite a few jobs for meals as reimbursement. Vieler's quest for his American id used to be fulfilled while he was once repatriated to the US at age fifteen, yet options of independence have been thwarted while, because of his age, he used to be required to wait public university. even though he held after-school jobs, his fundamental help was once via a brand new York urban welfare company. In 1950, Vieler enlisted within the military, used to be commissioned at age nineteen, and went directly to serve in Korea, the place he used to be heavily wounded and two times adorned for valor.
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1502–20). Part of the reason for the Aztecs’ expansionist foreign policy lay in the sacrificial requirements of their gods, especially the cult of their patron god, Huitzilopochtli, but economic reasons also came into play. Tenochtitlán was unable to grow enough foodstuffs to feed its population, and, since it did not produce enough exports to pay for the foods in trade, the city’s residents had to obtain what they needed either by force or by levying tribute. Conquest soon became part of a vicious cycle: Warfare provided the goods and captives necessary for elaborate ceremonials to overawe their neighbors and for the sacrifices needed to propitiate the gods who ensured the Aztecs’ success in battle.
The Aztecs recommenced their wandering until they finally found some swampy and thus uninhabited islands and founded the twin cities of Tenochtitlán and Tlatelolco. Eventually the Aztecs drained the swamps for cultivation, making use of the “floating fields” known as chinampas. In 1367 the Aztecs began to serve as mercenaries for the Tepanec kingdom of Azcapotzalco, probably the mightiest power on the mainland at that time. It was during this period that the leader of the Azcapotzalco, Tezozomoc, gave the Aztecs their first tlatoani, or “speaker,” named Acamapichtli (r.
To do so, they used the tool to help them triangulate their position in relation to known objects, notably the North (or Pole) Star and the Sun. Unfortunately for them, the movement of a ship in open water made it difficult to make the kinds of measurements that would allow an astrolabe to perform the same function as it could on land. Further reading: Angus Konstam, Historical Atlas of Exploration, 1492–1600 (New York: Facts On File, 2000); James E. org. Atahualpa (b. ca. 1501–1533) emperor of the Incas The ruler of the Inca empire at the time of the Spanish conquest, he was executed by Francisco Pizarro in 1533.