By Sanford C. Goldberg
Sanford C. Goldberg offers a unique account of the speech act of statement. He defends the view that this sort of speech act is answerable to a constitutive norm--the norm of statement. The speculation that statement is answerable to a robustly epistemic norm is uniquely fitted to clarify assertion's philosophical significance--its connections to different philosophically fascinating subject matters. those contain subject matters in epistemology (testimony and testimonial wisdom; epistemic authority; disagreement), the philosophy of brain (belief; the idea of psychological content), the philosophy of language (norms of language; the strategy of interpretation; the speculation of linguistic content), ethics (the ethics of trust; what we owe to one another as information-seeking creatures), and different concerns which go beyond any subcategory (anonymity; belief; the department of epistemic hard work; Moorean paradoxicality). Goldberg goals to deliver out those connections with no assuming whatever in regards to the special content material of assertion's norm, past concerning it as robustly epistemic. within the final part of the ebook, although, he proposes that we do most sensible to work out the norm's epistemic general as set in a context-sensitive style. After motivating this idea by way of attract Grice's Cooperative precept and spelling it out by way of what's collectively believed within the speech context, Goldberg concludes by means of noting how this kind of context-sensitivity could be made to sq. with assertion's philosophical significance.
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Extra resources for Assertion: On the Philosophical Significance of Assertoric Speech
Take a case in which you take your seat on an airplane, only to find that the person seated next to you begins asserting all sorts of things about this and that. You need not ask yourself first what the conversational point of his doing so is, prior to knowing that he is representing himself as knowledgeable on the matters. You might wonder why he is doing so—what the point of his doing so is. Still, the order of explanation goes against what the common ground account would predict: on the strength of your knowledge of the conveyed self-representation implicit in assertion, you can conclude that the purpose of his monologue, whatever it is, must involve his desire to tell you various things he takes to be (known to be) true.
To see that the attitudinal view does not explain the normativity attaching to assertion, let us focus on the phenomenon whereby assertion generates an entitlement to a hearer to defer a challenge to the asserter. Let H believe that p, and let H’s belief be formed on the basis of S’s assertion that p. According to the attitudinal view, in asserting that p, S expressed the corresponding attitudes, and so gave H a reason to regard S as (i) believing that p and (ii) intending that H believe that p (through this very recognition) as well.
Assertion: On the Philosophical Significance of Assertoric Speech Sanford C. iv) Great Clarendon Street, Oxford, OX2 6DP, United Kingdom Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University’s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. Oxford is a registered trade mark of Oxford University Press in the UK and in certain other countries © Sanford C. Goldberg 2015 The moral rights of the author have been asserted First Edition published in 2015 Impression: 1 All rights reserved.