By A. S. Oberai

Little or no is at present recognized in regards to the demographic impression of such a lot improvement tasks and the ways that this influence should be assessed. This booklet, in keeping with stories in 3rd global international locations, makes a speciality of conceptual, methodological and coverage matters in its overview of the demographic influence of improvement tasks. the writer examines even if demographic results may be assessed and why improvement planners can be attracted to the consequences. A.S. Oberai examines to what volume financial and social levels generated through particular improvement interventions have inspired demographic habit in a specific context. He indicates how wanted results might be superior and bad results minimized by way of policy-makers and planners in constructing nations so one can care for difficulties of inhabitants development and its distribution. the main shortcomings of present methodologies are pointed out and destiny instructions which study could take are defined. The examine relies on a synthesis of kingdom stories reviewing the demographic impression of improvement initiatives conducted in Bangladesh, Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand. it's also analyses of the demographic influence of improvement interventions in different different international locations reminiscent of Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, India, and Nigeria. released for the overseas Labour business enterprise

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E. those not benefiting from the project desired a smaller family size. The study also concluded that those not benefiting from the project did not want more children. From the point of view of the methodology, the study thus did not have any control or comparison group. The authors have simply studied the demographic behaviour of the village population in three different locations affected by the dam in different ways. Thus, though one has information on demographic factors pertaining to the population living in these areas, there is no way one can find out what the overall impact of the project has been.

As shown in the table, both household and area electrification were included among independent variables but neither was found to be statistically significant. These apparently contradictory results as to the effect of rural electrification on demographic factors in the two regions in the Philippines can perhaps be explained in terms of the prevailing socio-economic conditions in these regions. In the Misamis Oriental region rural electrification was part of a large-scale agroindustrial development and many households were given financial help towards meeting the cost of installing electricity by cooperatives and local and national government.

1981) on a 1976 survey of Java and Bali in Indonesia, rural electrification was included as one community-level modernization variable (along with health, education and others). No positive relationship between the presence of electricity in a village and use of contraceptives was found, however. 9 per cent). The apparent anomaly of the Indonesian study is probably not as surprising as it first appears, and suggests a number of important questions for further study. The first likely explanation for the lack of relationship between electrification and fertility may lie in the very limited spread of electrification in Indonesia by the end of the 1970s and the large regional variations in contraceptive use and fertility.

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