By Masaki Satoh

This booklet describes the equipment used to build normal move versions (GCMs) of the ambience, and the way such types practice in functions in relation to the true weather and environmental platforms. half 1 summarizes the actual procedures concerned; half 2 covers atmospheric buildings; half three outlines simple steps for developing GCMs. comprises an appendix with easy info and mathematical formulae to permit readers to build GCMs for themselves.

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Sample text

It is seen in the figures that the relationship between reboiler heat duty and lean CO2 loading, or absorbed CO2, is not proportional over the entire range of heat duty input. Instead, the lean CO2 loading and absorption efficiency tend to stabilize at a certain value of heat duty, which could be considered to be the optimal operating condition. 0 Low High Heat duty for solvent regeneration (b) Figure 3- Example of raw data and analyzed results of solvent regeneration. Solvent Degradation Samples were collected daily and sent to an accredited laboratory for qualitative and quantitative solution analysis.

Econamine FG TM uses MEA scrubbing with chemical inhibitors to counter the effects of corrosion caused by oxygen in the flue gas. The process is well developed and has been widely used at small scale to produce high purity CO2 for the food industry. However, it has never been built at the required scale of 6,000 tonnes per day. The CCP Grangemouth scenario requires application of amine scrubbing to refinery fired heaters (burning low sulphur fuel oil and natural gas), power plant boilers (burning low sulphur fuel oil) and chemical plant reaction furnaces (burning sulphur free natural gas).

30 40 . 50 . 60 70 Temperature (°C) CO= concentration (%) (a) (b) 5 --o--- Condition- 1 _- Condition-2 1 oo ~ [ 9o 8O •~ 6o ~ ~ so 40 I |, J ~o -" Condition-3 Condition-4 Condition-5 ~3 1 8 20 2 10 1 0 Low High Heat duty for solvent regeneration (c) 0 2 4 6 Mass flux (kmol CO=lm3-hr) (d) Figure 2: Examples of raw data and analyzed results of CO2 absorption performance. 35 On the other hand, Figure 2-d indicates that the mass flux of CO2 varies throughout the entire length of the column and depends on the heat duty for solvent regeneration (conditions 1-5).

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