By Detlef Laugwitz

The identify of Bernard Riemann is celebrated to mathematicians and physicists all over the world. His identify is indelibly stamped at the literature of arithmetic and physics. This amazing paintings, wealthy in perception and scholarship, is addressed to mathematicians, physicists, and philosophers attracted to arithmetic. It seeks to attract these readers toward the underlying rules of Riemann’s paintings and to the improvement of them of their historic context. This illuminating English-language model of the unique German version could be a massive contribution to the literature of the heritage of arithmetic.

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In the fall of 1858 Dirichlet suffered a heart attack from which he recovered very slowly. Rebecka Dirichlet died quite unexpectedly on 1 December 1858, and he died just a few months later, on 5 May 1859. Dirichlet's succession was decided very quickly: on 30 July Riemann was appointed full professor. ) Further honors were bestowed on him: on 11 August 1859 he became a corresponding member of the Berlin Academy and in December 1859 a member of the Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften (Science Society) at G6ttingen.

So we chatted quite comfortably for the three-quarters of an hour, and then I bid the old veteran good-bye and thanked him heartily. " The conversation would perhaps have been more fruitful if Hirst had mentioned that before he embarked on his studies he had been for many years a land surveyor in connection with railroad construction in Yorkshire. The founder of higher geodesy and the "tough old veteran" with a lively interest in railroad construction would have loved it! But at the very least the report shows that Gauss could be very friendly and sociable as long as contacts did not threaten to involve longterm obligations.

Berlin was the right choice for the next two years. Dirichlet, rather than Jacobi or the young Eisenstein, praised gushingly by Gauss, must have seemed to him from the beginning his predestined teacher. For Riemann, Gauss and Dirichlet were always authorities above criticism. Dirichlet must have been a fascinating personality. In view of his importance for Riemann we say more than a minimum about him. He was born on 13 February 1805 in Dtiren, near Aachen. His family was of French origin. What shaped him as a scientist was his stay between 1822 and 1827 in Paris, where he made a living by tutoring.

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