By Gary B. Nash, Allan M. Winkler, Charlene Mires, John W. Jeffries

This e-book offers an intensive revision of the Award-winning set. evidence On dossier is proud to announce the revision of its award-winning 11-volume "Encyclopedia of yankee History", the landmark connection with American background from prehistoric occasions to the fashionable day. This broad revision positive aspects greater than 1,000 new and revised entries, in addition to a radical replace of current entries to mirror present learn. additionally, a brand new insert of full-color maps has been additional to every quantity. carrying on with to supply remarkable intensity and breadth of insurance, "Encyclopedia of yank heritage, Revised Edition" presents a balanced presentation of the political, social, monetary, and cultural occasions that experience formed the land and the country. each one quantity editor is a extraordinary student of yank heritage who has drawn upon the services of ratings of experts in writing person, signed entries of remarkable caliber. It meets nationwide criteria for usa historical past. perfect for college students, lecturers, and librarians, the 1st 10 expertly researched volumes during this authoritative set are prepared chronologically according to the nationwide criteria for usa background. The eleventh quantity comprises the excellent set Index. It gains content material that's transparent and straightforward to appreciate. Written in obtainable language to facilitate students' knowing of every period, the easy-to-read textual content is better via 750 pictures and 250 full-color and black-and-white maps. distinctive entries disguise key occasions, activities, historic figures, developments, and political advancements that outline every one specific period in American historical past. Addressing the necessity for historic literacy, the set is actually inclusive, casting a large ancient internet throughout subject matters and eras and comprising many lesser-known yet nonetheless influential figures and occasions. Key beneficial properties increase the set's reference price. It good points available textual content and greater than 3,300 distinctive, totally cross-referenced entries; biographies of vital american citizens in each one period; a different interpreting part on the finish of the various signed entries; nearly 1,000 illustrations, together with full-color and black-and-white maps, images, cartoons, and ads, that visually record each one period; topical entries in each one quantity on comparable topics resembling paintings and structure, enterprise, financial system, literature, and technology and expertise; a chronology and bibliography on the finish of every quantity; an appendix in every one quantity that includes excerpts of key files of the period, a person quantity indexes, and a entire set index.

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1502–20). Part of the reason for the Aztecs’ expansionist foreign policy lay in the sacrificial requirements of their gods, especially the cult of their patron god, Huitzilopochtli, but economic reasons also came into play. Tenochtitlán was unable to grow enough foodstuffs to feed its population, and, since it did not produce enough exports to pay for the foods in trade, the city’s residents had to obtain what they needed either by force or by levying tribute. Conquest soon became part of a vicious cycle: Warfare provided the goods and captives necessary for elaborate ceremonials to overawe their neighbors and for the sacrifices needed to propitiate the gods who ensured the Aztecs’ success in battle.

The Aztecs recommenced their wandering until they finally found some swampy and thus uninhabited islands and founded the twin cities of Tenochtitlán and Tlatelolco. Eventually the Aztecs drained the swamps for cultivation, making use of the “floating fields” known as chinampas. In 1367 the Aztecs began to serve as mercenaries for the Tepanec kingdom of Azcapotzalco, probably the mightiest power on the mainland at that time. It was during this period that the leader of the Azcapotzalco, Tezozomoc, gave the Aztecs their first tlatoani, or “speaker,” named Acamapichtli (r.

To do so, they used the tool to help them triangulate their position in relation to known objects, notably the North (or Pole) Star and the Sun. Unfortunately for them, the movement of a ship in open water made it difficult to make the kinds of measurements that would allow an astrolabe to perform the same function as it could on land. Further reading: Angus Konstam, Historical Atlas of Exploration, 1492–1600 (New York: Facts On File, 2000); James E. org. Atahualpa (b. ca. 1501–1533) emperor of the Incas The ruler of the Inca empire at the time of the Spanish conquest, he was executed by Francisco Pizarro in 1533.

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